Preskoči na glavno vsebino

Kako samodejno prilagoditi višino vrstic spojenih celic v Excelu?

V Excelu lahko z nastavitvijo hitrosti vrstice hitro prilagodimo vsebino celice Samodejno Višina vrstice funkcija, vendar bo ta funkcija popolnoma prezrla združene celice. Se pravi, da ne morete uporabiti Samodejno Višina vrstice Če želite spremeniti velikost vrstice združenih celic, morate ročno prilagoditi višino vrstice za združene celice. V tem članku lahko predstavim nekaj hitrih metod za rešitev te težave.

Samodejno prilagodi višino vrstic spojenih celic s kodo VBA


puščica modri desni mehurček Samodejno prilagodi višino vrstic spojenih celic s kodo VBA

Če imam delovni list z nekaj združenimi celicami, kot je prikazano na spodnjem posnetku zaslona, ​​zdaj pa moram spremeniti velikost višine vrstice celice, da se prikaže celotna vsebina, vam lahko spodnja koda VBA pomaga, da samodejno prilagodite višino vrstice več združenih celic, kot sledi:

doc-autofit-združene-celice-1

1. Držite tipko ALT + F11 in odpre tipko Okno Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications.

2. Kliknite Vstavi > Moduliin prilepite naslednjo kodo v Okno modula.

Koda VBA: Samodejno prilagodi višino vrstice več združenih celic
Option Explicit
Public Sub AutoFitAll()
  Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a1:b2"))
   Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("c4:d6"))
    Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("e1:e3"))
End Sub
Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range)
  Dim tHeight As Integer
  Dim iPtr As Integer
  Dim oldWidth As Single
  Dim oldZZWidth As Single
  Dim newWidth As Single
  Dim newHeight As Single
  With Sheets("Sheet4")
    oldWidth = 0
    For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
      oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
    Next iPtr
    oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth
    oRange.MergeCells = False
    newWidth = Len(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value)
    oldZZWidth = .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth
    .Range("ZZ1") = Left(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value, newWidth)
    .Range("ZZ1").WrapText = True
    .Columns("ZZ").ColumnWidth = oldWidth
    .Rows("1").EntireRow.AutoFit
    newHeight = .Rows("1").RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
    .Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).RowHeight = newHeight
    oRange.MergeCells = True
    oRange.WrapText = True
    .Range("ZZ1").ClearContents
    .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth = oldZZWidth
  End With
End Sub

Opombe:

(1.) V zgornjo kodo lahko dodate nove obsege, samo kopirajte Pokliči AutoFitMergedCells (obseg ("a1: b2")) skript tolikokrat, kot želite, in spremenite obseg združenih celic v želeno.

(2.) In morate spremeniti trenutno ime delovnega lista Sheet4 na uporabljeno ime lista.

3. Nato pritisnite F5 tipko za zagon te kode in zdaj lahko vidite, da so bile vse združene celice samodejno prilagojene njihovi vsebini celice, glejte sliko zaslona:

doc-autofit-združene-celice-1


Povezani članek:

Kako samodejno prilagoditi širino stolpca v Excelu?

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<p >

Najboljša pisarniška orodja za produktivnost

Priljubljene funkcije: Poiščite, označite ali identificirajte dvojnike   |  Izbriši prazne vrstice   |  Združite stolpce ali celice brez izgube podatkov   |   Krog brez formule ...
Super iskanje: Več kriterijev VLookup    Multiple Value VLookup  |   VLookup na več listih   |   Nejasno iskanje ....
Napredni spustni seznam: Hitro ustvarite spustni seznam   |  Odvisni spustni seznam   |  Večkrat izberite spustni seznam ....
Upravitelj stolpcev: Dodajte določeno število stolpcev  |  Premakni stolpce  |  Preklop stanja vidnosti skritih stolpcev  |  Primerjaj obsege in stolpce ...
Predstavljene funkcije: Mrežni fokus   |  Pogled oblikovanja   |   Velika vrstica formule    Upravitelj delovnih zvezkov in listov   |  Knjižnica virov (Samodejno besedilo)   |  Izbirnik datuma   |  Združite delovne liste   |  Šifriranje/dešifriranje celic    Pošljite e-pošto po seznamu   |  Super filter   |   Poseben filter (filter krepko/ležeče/prečrtano ...) ...
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</ p >

Comments (28)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Perfect, good job! A just not ajust with merge cells in the same colum, there is an error with this code on the script:

For exemple if i want ajust this range ("a32:i32"):

Call AutoFitMergedCells(Range("a32:i32"))

Apear an error in this line of the script:

.Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).RowHeight = newHeight

Could you help me?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi All,

I modify the codes, which will search the merged cells and apply the autofit. hope this will help the future if any one interested.


Sub FindMergedCells()

' Declare sheet you want to look for merged cells on - in the example it's sheet 1
Dim sheet As Worksheet
Set sheet = ActiveWorkbook.Sheets(1)
Dim rng As Range
Dim rngStart As Range
Dim rngEnd As Range
Dim tHeight As Integer
Dim iPtr As Integer
Dim oldWidth As Double
Dim oldZZWidth As Double
Dim newWidth As Double
Dim newHeight As Double
Dim oRange As Range


' Add sheet for output
Dim output As Worksheet
Set output = Sheets.Add(after:=Sheets(1))

' Initialize row counter for output
orow = 0

' Header on output sheet


' Check all the cells in the worksheet's used range
For Each cell In sheet.UsedRange

' If they're merged -

If cell.MergeCells Then
orow = orow + 1
Set cell = cell.MergeArea
Set rngStart = cell.Cells(1, 1)
Set rngEnd = cell.Cells(cell.Rows.Count, cell.Columns.Count)

'MsgBox "First Cell " & rngStart.Address & vbNewLine & "Last Cell " & rngEnd.Address
'output.Cells(orow, 1) = "" & Replace(rngStart.Address, "$", "") & ":" & Replace(rngEnd.Address, "$", "")
Set oRange = Range("" & Replace(rngStart.Address, "$", "") & ":" & Replace(rngEnd.Address, "$", ""))

With sheet
oldWidth = 0
For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
Next iPtr
'oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth
oRange.MergeCells = False
newWidth = Len(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value)
oldZZWidth = .Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth
.Range("ZZ1") = Left(.Cells(oRange.Row, oRange.Column).Value, newWidth)
.Range("ZZ1").WrapText = True
.Columns("ZZ").ColumnWidth = oldWidth
.Rows("1").EntireRow.AutoFit
newHeight = .Rows("1").RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count
.Rows(CStr(oRange.Row) & ":" & CStr(oRange.Row + oRange.Rows.Count - 1)).RowHeight = newHeight
oRange.MergeCells = True
oRange.WrapText = True
.Range("ZZ1").ClearContents
.Range("ZZ1").ColumnWidth = oldZZWidth
End With
Else

'MsgBox "Not merged area"

End If
Next cell

End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I have tried this as I am not at all proficient with VBA. At the "Set Sheet = Activeworkbook I always get this Compile Error - Invalid outside procedure. What am I doing wrong?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Works perfectly on a single sheet. I need to fit multiple worksheet cells in one file. can you help me?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
It works perfectly. However, I need to adjust the width of multiple worksheets. it's possible?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
There is a limit on the size - if the total height required is greater than 409.5, it will only do what would fit in 409.5 and spread it amongst the height of the merged cells and you would not see the remainder.  I was hoping this would solve for text lengths greater than the max row height (409.5).  I think you may need to iterate through and split the text to what can fit in to the first max height of 409.5 then put the rest in another cell (ZZ2) and so on until it fits, then count the rows in each cell then get the total required height.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Dang it, copy/paste bit me. Also, with explicit sheet references the With isn't needed:

Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range, ByVal dblWidth As Double)



oRange.MergeCells = False

Sheet1.Range("A1") = oRange.Cells(1, 1).Value

Sheet1.Range("A1").WrapText = True

Sheet1.Columns(1).ColumnWidth = dblWidth

Sheet1.Rows(1).EntireRow.AutoFit

oRange.Parent.Rows(oRange.Row).Resize(oRange.Rows.Count).RowHeight _

= Sheet1.Rows(1).RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count

oRange.MergeCells = True

oRange.WrapText = True



End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Thank you, that helped me with a sheet I've not been happy with for years.

I did change things around a bit, my merged cells are all in one column so I calculated that outside the loop and passed it. I also inserted a Sheet1 that is hidden, and manipulated the columns/rows there so as to not affect the sheet I'm working on. The references should probably be more explicit:

Public Sub AutoFitMergedCells(oRange As Range, ByVal dblWidth As Double)



Dim dblHeight As Double



With oRange.Parent

oRange.MergeCells = False

Sheet1.Range("A1") = oRange.Cells(1, 1).Value

Sheet1.Range("A1").WrapText = True

Sheet1.Columns(1).ColumnWidth = dblWidth

Sheet1.Rows(1).EntireRow.AutoFit

dblHeight = Sheet1.Rows(1).RowHeight / oRange.Rows.Count

oRange.Parent.Rows(oRange.Row).Resize(oRange.Rows.Count).RowHeight = newHeight

oRange.MergeCells = True

oRange.WrapText = True

Sheet1.Range("A1").ClearContents

End With



End Sub
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
This not work for me}
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
not working , ye password set in your code not working in your code
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I believe the reason that the row heights do not calculate properly is related to these lines of code
For iPtr = 1 To oRange.Columns.Count
oldWidth = oldWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + iPtr - 1).ColumnWidth
Next iPtr
oldWidth = .Cells(1, oRange.Column).ColumnWidth + .Cells(1, oRange.Column + 1).ColumnWidth

The variable OldWidth gets set to the sum of the column widths in the range, but for some reason it gets reset to only the width of the first two columns. The first 3 lines of code are therefore made redundant by the 4th line. When I removed the line it was much better, but the other issue I found was that you have to make sure that the font and font size of the temporary cell (ZZ1 in the example code) must match the font and size of the merged cells; otherwise, text will not wrap in the same way as the merged cells wrap and may not be the correct height.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I made add-in for Auto fit row height of multiple merged cells.
Please use this, if you want to autofit row hight.
[Release Ver2.6 · toowaki/AutoFitRowEx · GitHub]
https://github.com/toowaki/AutoFitRowEx/releases/tag/2.6.2
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
This is pretty helpful, thanks!
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I am trying to understand the necessity of Line 19. You are assigning a value again to OldWidth. Can you please explain?
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