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Kako ohraniti referenco celice formule konstantno v Excelu?

Ko v formuli uporabite relativni sklic na celico, se samodejno prilagodi, ko ga z ročico za polnjenje uporabite na drugem mestu ali kopirate in prilepite v druge celice. Glejte spodnje slike zaslona.
V mnogih primerih bi radi, da referenca celice ostane nespremenjena, namesto da se samodejno prilagaja. V tej vadnici vam bomo pokazali, kako ohraniti referenco celice formule konstantno v Excelu.


S tipko F4 naj bo referenca celice formule konstantna

Če želite ohraniti referenco celice konstantno v formuli, morate le dodati simbol $ sklicu celice s pritiskom na tipko F4. Naredite naslednje.

1. Izberite celico s formulo, za katero želite, da je konstantna.

2. V vrstico s formulami postavite kazalec v celico, za katero želite, da je konstantna, nato pritisnite F4 ključ.

V tem primeru ne želim, da se referenca celice A1 prilagodi s premikanjem formule, zato postavim kurzor na A1 v formuli in nato pritisnem F4. Oglejte si posnetek zaslona:

Potem lahko vidite, da je referenca celice A1 konstantna v formuli.


Enostavno ohranite referenčno celico formule konstantno samo z več kliki

Tu toplo priporočam Kutools za Excel's Pretvori sklice uporabnost. Ta funkcija vam omogoča enostavno pretvorbo vseh referenc formule v velikem obsegu v izbranem obsegu ali več obsegih v določeno vrsto sklica formule. Na primer pretvorba glede na absolutno, absolutno v relativno in tako naprej.
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Poglejmo, kako uporabiti to funkcijo za enostavno ohranjanje referenčne celice formule konstantno v Excelu.

1. Ko namestite Kutools za Excel, kliknite Kutools > Več >  Pretvori sklice za vklop Pretvarjanje referenc formule lastnost.

2. Ko Pretvarjanje referenc formule Pojavi se pogovorno okno, konfigurirajte na naslednji način.

  • Izberite obseg ali več obsegov (držite tipko Ctrl tipko, da izberete več obsegov enega za drugim), če želite, da so reference nespremenjene;
  • Izberite Na absolutno možnost;
  • Kliknite OK gumb.

Nato se vse relativne reference celic v izbranem obsegu takoj spremenijo v konstantne reference.

  Če želite imeti brezplačno (30-dnevno) preskusno različico tega pripomočka, kliknite, če ga želite prenestiin nato nadaljujte z uporabo postopka v skladu z zgornjimi koraki.


Predstavitev: Referenčno celico formule ohranite konstantno s Kutools za Excel

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Comments (12)
Rated 5 out of 5 · 1 ratings
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Thank you for this post, it was very helpful
Rated 5 out of 5
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Not working if you have index match or vlooup in the formula
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That Kutools "Convert Formula References" is perfect, exactly what I need. Unfortunately I can't install that, but it's nice to know someone else needed it and made an extension for it. At least it gives me some closure knowing I'll never find it in base Excel haha. Thanks.
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Hi Austin,Did you get any error prompt when installing Kutools for Excel? 
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Hi Crystal! Oh, thanks for asking. I was on my Work PC so I knew I would be unable to install anything like this without going through the process of getting it approved with IT, presenting a solid reason to the team as to why we need to pay for additional software, etc. It would be a major headache, and I'm certain I would lose the argument. (Make no mistake, I'm all for it) But, unfortunately I settled for the smaller headache of doing what Kutools' "Convert Formula References" process would do, to a few hundred cells by hand. When I've made it to the big leagues, and I'm the boss, I'll ensure that my whole team is outfitted with Kutools. It's an awesome addition, for sure. 
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Hi Austin314,Thank you very much for your feedback and I look forward to the day when your whole team is outfitted with Kutools.^_^
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Superb.....
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Does not work. If I insert a row above the cell, the formula "tracks" the cell to its new location. This is not what your title implies. I need a formula that reads = B1 and if data gets inserted into row B:B then the formula reads = B1 and returns the new value. Absolute referencing does not do this.
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Andrew, that is exactly what I want too..... how can we hold the cell reference Completely constant in these circumstances?
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Andrew, Martin! .....I came here for something else but I think I've got what you need.  You can also reference cells using the INDIRECT() function. For your case, if you go to cell C1 (or wherever) and set the equation in C1 to be =INDIRECT("B1"), then it will always return whatever is in B1, no matter what happens to B1. So then, if you insert a column of data into column B, your equation would move over to cell D1, and would continue to pull data from the brand new value in B1. The older referenced value is now in C1, with the column of data before. You can also perform mathematic operations on it as you would any other cell reference. Happy Spreadsheets :)
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Use the INDEX() function and for the Array use a range of columns to cover all your data (assuming no column inserts/deletes will happen)
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